最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 11 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 均质型白斑
  • 排除引起白色病变的其他病因
  • 非均质型白斑

危险因素

  • 吸烟
  • 饮酒
  • 咀嚼槟榔
  • 慢性念珠菌病
  • 遗传易感性
  • 免疫抑制
  • 范可尼贫血
  • 日光暴露
  • HPV 感染
  • 梅毒螺旋体感染(梅毒)

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 毛刷活检
  • ANA抗核抗体、抗双链DNA抗体、抗Smith抗原抗体
  • 梅毒螺旋体血清学检测
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 化学发光光谱检测
  • 分子和染色体标志物
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Consultant

Milton J. Dance Jr. Head and Neck Cancer Center

Greater Baltimore Medical Center

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

JS declares that he has no competing interests.

We would like to gratefully acknowledge the late Dr Crispian Scully for his contribution to this topic.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Oral Pathologist

Department of Oral Pathology

School of Dentistry

University of Copenhagen

Copenhagen

Denmark

利益声明

FP declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Head

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Oral Pathology

Vrije Universiteit Medical Center

Amsterdam

The Netherlands

利益声明

IVdW declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Head

Division of Oral Medicine

Department of Dental Diagnostic Science

Dental School

University of Texas Health Science Center

San Antonio

TX

利益声明

MH declares that he has no competing interests.

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