最近审阅: 29 十月 2020
最近更新: 02 四月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 发热
  • 水疱性皮疹
  • 黏膜水疱

其他诊断因素

  • 瘙痒
  • 头痛
  • 疲劳/不适感
  • 咽痛
  • 心动过速

危险因素

  • 1 ~ 9 岁
  • 接触水痘
  • 无免疫接种状态
  • 职业暴露

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 聚合酶链反应
  • 病毒培养
  • 直接荧光抗体试验 (DFA)
  • Tzanck 涂片
  • 乳胶凝集试验 (LA)
  • 酶联免疫吸附试验 (ELISA)
  • 补体结合试验
  • 超声检查(孕妇)
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant in Paediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology

Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital (Alder Hey)

Liverpool

UK

利益声明

AR declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Andrew Riordan would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Steven Pergam, Dr Rupali Jain, and Dr Anna Wald, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

SP has served as a consultant for Merck & Co., Inc, Optimer/Cubist, and Chimerix, and has participated in clinical trials with these three organizations. He is also an author of a paper cited in this topic. RJ declares that she has no competing interests. AW is a member of the Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) for a Merck study of a candidate VZV vaccine.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Chief

Outpatient & Pediatric Dermatology

59th Medical Wing/ SGOMD

Lackland Air Force Base

San Antonio

TX

利益声明

CMH declares that he has no competing interests.

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