最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 13 五月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 慢性肾病
  • 糖尿病酮症酸中毒/高渗性高血糖状态
  • 药物相关的减少或增加钾进出细胞
  • 在肾功能不全情况下补钾策略
  • 药物相关的尿钾排泄减少

不常见

  • 急性肾衰竭
  • 肾小管性酸中毒
  • 代谢性酸中毒
  • 先天性肾上腺增生
  • Addison 病
  • 假性醛固酮过少症
  • 周期性高钾瘫痪
  • 肿瘤溶解综合征
  • 横纹肌溶解症
  • 假性高钾血症
  • 输尿管空肠造瘘术

撰稿人

Associate Professor

Kidney Institute

The University of Kansas Medical Center

Kansas City

KS

利益声明

SGY declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Sri G. Yarlagadda would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Domenic Sica, a previous contributor to this topic. DS declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Assistant Professor

Department of Internal Medicine

Division of Nephrology

University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics

Iowa City

IA

利益声明

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Nephrologist

Royal London Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

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