最后审核时间: 一月 2020
最近更新时间: 三月  2019

小结

定义

病史和查体

关键诊断因素

  • 冬季
  • 当前流感暴发期
  • 未接种流感疫苗
  • 发热伴咳嗽

其他诊断因素

  • 咽喉痛
  • 颈部淋巴结肿大
  • 呼吸困难

危险因素

  • 65 岁及以上的老年人
  • 年龄 6 至 59 月龄
  • 慢性心血管或呼吸系统疾病
  • 慢性肾病
  • 糖尿病
  • 血红蛋白病
  • 免疫功能受损
  • 妊娠
  • 高风险人群的照护者和家庭密切接触者
  • 医务工作者

诊断性检查

需要考虑的检查

  • 病毒培养
  • 直接免疫荧光抗体染色(检测)
  • 逆转录聚合酶链反应
  • 血清学
  • 酶联免疫测定(EIA)
  • 快速诊断化验
  • 胸部 X 线检查
更多 需要考虑的检查

治疗流程

贡献者

Staff Physician

Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益冲突披露

CR declares that she has no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Medical Director of Infection Control

Infectious Disease

Department of Medicine

SUNY Upstate Medical University

Syracuse

NY

利益冲突披露

WJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine and Environmental Health Sciences

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

New York

NY

利益冲突披露

RLM declares that she has no competing interests.

Chief

SUNY Buffalo School of Medicine

Division Allergy and Immunology

Buffalo

NY

利益冲突披露

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Ghent

Belgium

利益冲突披露

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

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