最近审阅: 八月 2020
最近更新: 十二月  2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 冬季
  • 当前流感暴发期
  • 未接种流感疫苗
  • 发热伴咳嗽

其他诊断因素

  • 咽痛
  • 颈部淋巴结肿大
  • 呼吸困难

危险因素

  • 年龄 ≥ 65 岁
  • 年龄 6-59 个月
  • 慢性心血管或呼吸系统疾病
  • 慢性肾脏病 (CKD)
  • 糖尿病
  • 血红蛋白病
  • 免疫功能受损
  • 妊娠
  • 高风险人群的照护者和家庭密切接触者
  • 医务工作者

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 病毒培养
  • 直接免疫荧光抗体染色(检测)
  • 逆转录聚合酶链反应
  • 血清学
  • 酶联免疫测定(EIA)
  • 快速诊断化验
  • 胸部 X 线检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Staff Physician

Department of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

CR declares that she is on Advisory boards for CSL Behring, Shire, and Pharming.

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Associate Professor

Medical Director of Infection Control

Infectious Disease

Department of Medicine

SUNY Upstate Medical University

Syracuse

NY

利益声明

WJ declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine and Environmental Health Sciences

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

New York

NY

利益声明

RLM declares that she has no competing interests.

Chief

SUNY Buffalo School of Medicine

Division Allergy and Immunology

Buffalo

NY

利益声明

MS declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Ghent

Belgium

利益声明

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

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