最近审阅: 28 十月 2020
最近更新: 29 五月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 突发视物模糊或变形
  • 玻璃膜疣
  • 黄斑区色素改变
  • 地图样萎缩
  • 脉络膜新生血管形成

其他诊断因素

  • 色素上皮脱离(渗出性 AMD)
  • 单眼或双眼视力进行性下降
  • 纤维血管性瘢痕形成
  • 假性玻璃膜疣

危险因素

  • 年龄增长
  • 吸烟
  • 疾病家族史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • Amsler 表
  • 光学相干断层扫描
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 荧光素血管造影
  • 吲哚菁绿(ICG)血管造影
  • 自体荧光成像
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant Ophthalmologist

Manchester Royal Eye Hospital

Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Professor of Ophthalmology & Matrix Biology

Centre for Hearing and Vision Research

University of Manchester

UK

利益声明

PB has undertaken research activities and received research grants (from charities and the Medical Research Council) that relate to basic mechanisms underpinning age-related macular degeneration. He is an inventor on a patent for a new treatment for age-related macular degeneration filed by the University of Manchester. He does not believe that any of these activities are competing interests with respect to the content of the monograph.

Dr Paul Bishop would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Leon Charkoudian and Dr Joshua L. Dunaief, the previous contributors to this monograph. LC and JLD declare that they have no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Vitreoretinal Surgery

Duke University Eye Center

Durham

NC

利益声明

SF declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences

Centre for Vision Science

Queen's University Belfast

Belfast

UK

利益声明

UC declares that she has no competing interests.

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