最近审阅: 七月 2020
最近更新: 四月  2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 微动脉瘤
  • 棉絮斑
  • 视网膜内出血
  • 脂质渗出物
  • 飞蚊症
  • 黄斑增厚
  • 视力丧失
  • 静脉串珠
  • 视网膜内微血管异常
  • 视盘新生血管
  • 视网膜新生血管
  • 视网膜前或玻璃体出血
  • 视网膜脱离

危险因素

  • 年轻发病型糖尿病
  • 糖尿病病程较长
  • 血糖控制不佳
  • 高血压
  • 肾脏疾病
  • 印地安人
  • 妊娠
  • 白内障手术
  • 血脂水平升高

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 眼底照片
  • 光学相干断层扫描
  • 荧光素血管造影
  • B 型超声检查
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Jonathan Dowler

Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon

The London Clinic

London

UK

利益声明

JD declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Jonathan Dowler would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Robin Hamilton, a previous contributor to this monograph. RH declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Professor

Medicine/Endocrinology

Diabetes and Bone Disease

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

New York

NY

利益声明

ZB declares that he has no competing interests.

Head of Department of Ophthalmology

University of Melbourne

Victoria

Australia

利益声明

TYW declares that he has no competing interests.

Medical Director

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute

Miami

FL

利益声明

Within the last 5 years, SS has received funding for organizing continuing medical education conferences from Alcon, Genentech, and Novartis; has owned shares in Pfizer; has received research funding from Genentech; and is co-holder of a patent pending on "Molecular targets for modulating intraocular pressure and differentiation of steroid responders versus nonresponders."

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