最近审阅: 30 十月 2020
最近更新: 18 二月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 环状静脉扩张(踝部红斑)
  • 足踝肿胀
  • 色素过度沉着
  • 脂性硬皮病
  • 白色萎缩
  • 腿部溃疡

其他诊断因素

  • 腿疲劳、疼痛和/或不适
  • 沉重腿
  • 腿部痉挛
  • 毛细血管扩张
  • 网状静脉
  • 静脉迂曲扩张
  • 干燥的和起鳞屑的皮肤
  • 皮肤烧灼感和瘙痒
  • 单侧性腿部肿胀

危险因素

  • 年龄增长
  • 家族史
  • 吸烟
  • 深静脉血栓
  • 站立性职业
  • 女性
  • 肥胖(腰围)
  • 韧带松弛

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 顺行静脉造影术
  • CT静脉造影术
  • 磁共振静脉造影术
  • 腹部和盆腔 CT
  • 血管内超声检查
  • 气体容积描记术
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Professor and Chief

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy

Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery

Baylor College of Medicine

Houston

TX

利益声明

JLM declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Surgery

Director of Southern Arizona Limb Salvage Alliance (SALSA)

Department of Surgery

University of Arizona College of Medicine

Tucson

AZ

利益声明

DGA declares that he has no competing interests.

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Division of Vascular Surgery

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Boston

MA

利益声明

RAK has received NIH research funds greater than 6 figures USD. RAK has no other competing interests.

Medical Director/Consultant Vascular Surgeon

Bedford Hospital

Bedford

UK

利益声明

PT declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief of Vascular Surgery

Tufts Medical Center

Boston

MA

利益声明

MDI is the author of a study referenced in this monograph.

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