最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 12 三月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 烧心
  • 反流
  • 吞咽困难

其他诊断因素

  • 胸痛
  • 喉炎
  • 咳嗽
  • 呼吸困难或哮鸣
  • 吸入性肺炎病史

危险因素

  • 胃酸/胆汁反流或 GORD
  • 年龄增长
  • 白种人
  • 男性
  • Barrett食管或食管腺癌的家族史
  • 肥胖
  • 吸烟

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 上消化道内镜检查结合活组织检查
  • 食管 X 线钡剂造影
更多 首要检查

新兴检查

  • 色素内镜
  • 自体荧光成像
  • 共聚焦激光显微内镜
  • 光学相干断层扫描
  • 光谱学
  • 经鼻内镜
  • 胶囊内镜检查
  • 明胶涂层海绵
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Medical Director of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Division of Gastroenterology

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

El Paso

TX

利益声明

AFC is a scientific advisor for Intercept Pharmaceuticals and Gilead Sciences, and is on the speaker bureau for Bristol-Myers Squibb, Intercept Pharmaceuticals, Merck, and Alexion.

Professor of Medicine

Chief

Division of Gastroenterology

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

El Paso

TX

利益声明

MJZ declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Andres F. Carrion and Dr Marc J. Zuckerman would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Vic Velanovich, the previous contributor to this monograph. VV is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

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Professor

Medicine Chief

Department of Gastroenterology

University of Arizona College of Medicine

Tucson

AZ

利益声明

RES declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Reader in Surgery

Nuffield Department of Surgery

University of Oxford

Oxford

UK

利益声明

PM declares that he has no competing interests.

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