最近审阅: 2 二月 2021
最近更新: 21 八月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 肺栓塞
  • 脓毒症和全身炎症反应综合征(SIRS)
  • 急性呼吸窘迫综合征 (ARDS)
  • 肺炎
  • 心源性休克
  • 肺水肿
  • 缺血性卒中
  • 出血性卒中
  • 水杨酸药物过量
  • 伪呼吸性碱中毒
  • 妊娠
  • 成人哮喘
  • 儿童哮喘
  • 低氧血症
  • 肝硬化
  • 心肺转流术

不常见

  • 气胸
  • 脑膜炎
  • 脑炎
  • 脑肿瘤
  • 外伤性脑损伤
  • 机械通气
  • 高海拔相关疾病
  • 广泛性焦虑障碍
  • 特发性肺动脉高压
  • 肺间质纤维化
  • 中枢性呼吸睡眠暂停
  • 低血容量休克
  • 重度贫血
  • 肺部挫伤
  • 中枢神经性过度通气
  • 过度通气综合征
  • 高热性呼吸增强
  • 紫绀型心脏病
  • 血红蛋白病
  • 体外膜肺氧合 (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ECMO)
  • 暴发性肝功能衰竭
  • 肝肺综合征
  • 门脉性肺动脉高压
  • 尼古丁、黄嘌呤、儿茶酚胺、呼吸兴奋剂、促孕剂
  • 情境性焦虑

撰稿人

Fellow in Pulmonary Care and Critical Care

University of California

Irvine

利益声明

BD declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

University of California

Irvine

CA

利益声明

CSS is a member of the editorial board of American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. CSS is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Dr Catherine S. Sassoon and Dr Brian Dang would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Asad Qasim, Dr Wilson Yan, Dr Jeremy Murdock, and Dr Sterling L. Malish, previous contributors to this topic. AQ, WY, JM, and SLM declare that they have no competing interests.

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Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care

King Hussein Cancer Center

Amman

Jordan

利益声明

FH declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Head

Department of Anesthesia

Galway University Hospitals

Galway

Ireland

利益声明

JGL is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

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