最近审阅: 3 十一月 2020
最近更新: 21 六月 2018

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 当前利尿治疗
  • 肠胃分泌丢失
  • 利尿治疗后
  • 高碳酸血症后
  • 碳酸氢盐给药
  • 乳-碱综合征

不常见

  • 原发性醛固酮增多症
  • 继发性醛固酮增多症
  • 肾动脉狭窄
  • 库欣综合征
  • 甘草摄入
  • 烟草咀嚼
  • 明显盐皮质激素过多
  • Liddle's 综合征
  • 巴特尔综合征
  • 吉特曼综合征
  • 严重钾损耗
  • 非甲状旁腺功能亢进引起的高钙血症
  • 饥饿后再喂养综合征
  • 血液制品输注(柠檬酸钠)
  • 绒毛状腺瘤
  • 氯化物腹泻
  • 囊性纤维化

撰稿人

Dinkar Kaw

Professor of Medicine

Division of Nephrology

Department of Medicine

University of Toledo College of Medicine

Toledo

OH

利益声明

DK declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Dinkar Kaw would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Joseph I. Shapiro, a previous co-contributor to this monograph. JIS declares that he has no competing interests.

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School of Exercise

Biomedical and Health Science

Edith Cowan University

Western Australia

利益声明

CA declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

The University of Maryland

Chief of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine

MICU Director

Baltimore VA Medical Center

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

MC declares that he has no competing interests.

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