最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 09 六月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 火灾暴露及烟雾吸入
  • 恶心
  • 头痛
  • 呕吐
  • 视力模糊
  • 头晕
  • 皮肤水疱
  • 心动过速
  • 低血压
  • 心律失常
  • 肺水肿
  • 意识模糊
  • 昏迷

其他诊断因素

  • 惊厥
  • 二氯甲烷
  • 局灶性神经系统功能异常(如偏瘫)

危险因素

  • 未完全燃烧的含碳燃料
  • 火灾暴露及烟雾吸入
  • 二氯甲烷

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 碳氧血红蛋白水平
  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 心脏监测
  • 血糖
  • 乳酸
  • pH 值
  • 心脏生物标志物
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 肌酸激酶
  • 简易精神状态检查 (MMSE)
  • 脑部 CT
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Medicine and Biomedical Engineering

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

利益声明

JJR is a co-inventor on patent applications for the use of heme-based molecules as antidotes for CO poisoning. JJR is a shareholder, officer, and director of Globin Solutions, Inc. Globin Solutions, Inc. has an exclusive license to this technology. Globin Solutions, Inc. had an option agreement to technology directed at using hydroxycobalamin for CO poisoning from Virginia Commonwealth University in the last 12 months. JJR is an author of publications cited within this topic.

Dr Jason Rose would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Prasanthi Govindarajan, a previous contributor to this topic. PG declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Director

Florida Poison Center

Miami

FL

利益声明

RSW declares that he has no competing interests.

Resident Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of California

San Diego

CA

利益声明

SPN declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Department of Emergency Medicine

Mount Sinai School of Medicine

New York

NY

利益声明

PH declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Physician and Clinical Toxicologist

Regional Drugs and Therapeutics Centre

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

UK

利益声明

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

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