最近审阅: 24 九月 2020
最近更新: 01 十一月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 腹胀
  • 疲劳
  • 乳房压痛
  • 头痛
  • 抑郁情绪、易激惹、内心紧张
  • 情绪不稳定
  • 对生活的不良影响

其他诊断因素

  • 食欲增加
  • 健忘,难以集中注意力
  • 其他主观症状
  • 失眠或睡眠过度
  • 肠胃道不适
  • 心悸
  • 热潮红

危险因素

  • 青春期后至绝经前妇女
  • 家族史
  • 情感障碍
  • 吸烟
  • 白人女性
  • 性虐待和/或创伤

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 甲状腺功能检测
  • 卵泡刺激素水平
  • 抑郁筛查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Editor in Chief

Maturitas

President

European Menopause and Andropause Society

Reader Emeritus in Reproductive Medicine

University of Oxford

Women's Centre, John Radcliffe Hospital

Oxford

Visiting Professor

Faculty of Medicine

University of Glasgow

Glasgow

UK

Adjunct Associate Professor

Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

Rutgers University

New Brunswick

NJ

利益声明

MR declares that she has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences

Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

New Brunswick

NJ

利益声明

NAP declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences

Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

New Brunswick

NJ

利益声明

GB declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor Margaret Rees, Dr Nancy A. Phillips, and Dr Gloria Bachmann would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Desiree Lie, the previous contributor to this topic. DL declares that she has no competing interests.

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Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

University of California Irvine Medical Center

Orange

CA

利益声明

JT declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant in Perinatal Mental Health

Liverpool Women's NHS Foundation Trust

Liverpool

UK

利益声明

CH declares that she has no competing interests.

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