最近审阅: 30 十月 2020
最近更新: 11 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 外伤证据
  • 头痛
  • 恶心/呕吐
  • 睁眼反应障碍
  • 言语障碍
  • 运动障碍
  • 意识模糊

其他诊断因素

  • 意识丧失或意识水平下降
  • 癫痫发作
  • 二便失禁
  • 局限性力弱
  • 感觉异常
  • 认知障碍
  • 言语或视觉障碍
  • 耳漏
  • 鼻溢(流涕)

危险因素

  • 近期外伤
  • 凝血障碍和抗凝剂的使用
  • 高龄(>65岁)

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery

University of Minnesota

Minneapolis

MN

利益声明

AWG declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Andrew W. Grande would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Stephen J. Haines, Dr Praveen R. Baimeedi, Dr Jason S. Hauptma, and Dr Neil A. Martin, previous contributors to this topic. SJH, PRB, JSH, and NAM declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Resident

Department of Neurosurgery

University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Philadelphia

PA

利益声明

NJR declares that he has no competing interests.

Instructor

Emergency Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine Administrative Offices

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia

PA

利益声明

MM declares that he has no competing interests.

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