最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 30 十月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 每日吸烟量
  • 至吸第一支烟时间(TTFC) ≤30分钟或>30分钟
  • 多种物质滥用
  • 无烟雾烟草使用者
  • 癫痫
  • 妊娠或哺乳

其他诊断因素

  • 抑郁史
  • 精神分裂症病史
  • 高血压
  • 不稳定性心脏疾病
  • 室性心律失常
  • 哮喘
  • 颞下颌关节或牙科疾病

危险因素

  • 吸烟者
  • 无烟雾烟草使用者

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Chairman

Pulmonary Department

Director

Pulmonary Education and Rehabilitation

Cleveland Clinic

Weston

FL

利益声明

FFR has done research, consulting, and speaking for Boehringer Ingelheim, Shire, CSL Behring, and Grifol.

Fellow

Pulmonary medicine/Critical Care

Cleveland Clinic

Weston

FL

利益声明

FH declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Franck F. Rahaghi and Dr Felix Hernandez would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Jose Gonzalez and Dr Theodore W. Marcy, previous contributors to this topic. JG and TWM declare that they have no competing interests.

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Professor and Chair

Department of Family Medicine

Associate Dean for Faculty Affairs and Development

College of Human Medicine

Michigan State University

East Lansing

MI

利益声明

WW declares that he has no competing interests.

Medical Director

Tobacco Cessation and Prevention

Providence St. Vincent Hospital and Medical Center

Portland

OR

利益声明

CJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Department of Family Medicine

National Taiwan University Hospital

Taipei

Taiwan

利益声明

FRG received a grant from Pfizer, the manufacturer of varenicline, for one of the 3rd phase clinical trials of varenicline. FRG has also been reimbursed by Pfizer, Novartis (the manufacturer of nicotine patch), and GSK (the manufacturer of bupropion SR and nicotine lozenge), for attending conferences, and receiving fees for giving speeches on smoking cessation.

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