最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 08 六月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 房室折返性心动过速 (AVRT)

其他诊断因素

  • 心悸
  • 头晕
  • 呼吸短促
  • 胸痛
  • 心房颤动
  • 心房扑动
  • 先天性心脏畸形
  • 心脏性猝死
  • 晕厥和昏厥前兆
  • 妊娠期心动过速

危险因素

  • Ebstein 畸形
  • 肥厚型心肌病
  • 二尖瓣脱垂
  • 房间隔缺损
  • 室间隔缺损
  • 大血管错位
  • 主动脉缩窄
  • 右位心
  • 冠状静脉窦憩室
  • 右和左心房动脉瘤
  • 心脏横纹肌瘤
  • 马方综合征
  • Friedreich 共济失调
  • 家族史

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 超声心动图
  • 平板运动试验
  • 电生理学研究
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Professor of Medicine

Director of Electrophysiology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

HC declares that he is a consultant for Medtronic and Biosense Webster; receives research support from Boston Scientific; is a contributor to Up to Date on atrial fibrillation, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and sarcoidosis; has reviewed and testified in medical malpractice cases; and has authored a chapter in the European Society of Cardiology textbook on Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

Professor Hugh Calkins would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr David Frankel, Dr Mithilesh K. Das, and Dr Douglas P. Zipes, previous contributors to this topic. DF, MKD, and DPZ declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Associate Professor of Medicine

Director of Electrophysiology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

JEM declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Electrophysiology Laboratory

The St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center

New York

NY

利益声明

SM declares that he has no competing interests.

Cardiology Specialist Registrar

The James Cook University Hospital

Middlesbrough

UK

利益声明

AT declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of Medicine

Division of Cardiology

University of Florida College of Medicine

Jacksonville

FL

利益声明

SH declares that he has no competing interests.

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