最近审阅: 6 十一月 2020
最近更新: 13 八月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 地高辛接触
  • 胃肠道症状
  • 中枢神经系统症状
  • 视觉症状

危险因素

  • 年龄 > 55 岁
  • 肾清除率降低
  • 高钾血症(大于5.0mmol/L)
  • 低钾血症(小于3.0~3.5mmol/L)
  • 特定药物的同时使用
  • 低镁血症
  • 高钙血症
  • 甲状腺功能减退

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 地高辛血清浓度
  • 血清钾浓度
  • 血清镁水平
  • 血清肌酐和尿素氮
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine

Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology

University of Colorado

Denver

CO

利益声明

SP declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Scott Phillips would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Oladapo A. Odujube and Dr Robert S. Hoffman, previous contributors to this monograph. OAO and RSH declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

University of Massachusetts Medical School

Worcester

MA

利益声明

EWB declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Physician and Clinical Toxicologist

National Poisons Information Service (Newcastle)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

UK

利益声明

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明