最近审阅: 1 十一月 2020
最近更新: 20 五月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 月经
  • 膀胱炎(泌尿道感染)
  • 肾盂肾炎
  • 肾结石
  • 急性前列腺炎
  • 良性前列腺增生 (BPH)
  • 外伤(性生活、运动、挫伤)

不常见

  • 梗阻性肾病
  • 肾细胞癌
  • 尿路上皮癌(肾或输尿管)
  • 单纯性肾囊肿
  • 多囊肾病
  • 海绵肾
  • 萎缩肾
  • 肾盏憩室
  • 肾脏梗死
  • 肾静脉血栓
  • 动静脉畸形
  • 乳头坏死
  • 镰状细胞病
  • 肾(盂)积水
  • 肾孟输尿管连接部梗阻
  • 膀胱输尿管反流
  • IgA 肾病
  • 薄肾小球基底膜病
  • 急性肾小球肾炎
  • 狼疮肾炎
  • 遗传性肾炎(Alport综合征)
  • 尿路上皮癌(膀胱)
  • 膀胱炎(间质性)
  • 膀胱炎(放射性)
  • 膀胱炎(嗜酸细胞性)
  • 膀胱憩室
  • 膀胱乳头状瘤
  • 前列腺癌
  • 前列腺结石
  • 膀胱颈挛缩
  • 尿道炎
  • 尿道狭窄
  • 包茎
  • 阴茎癌
  • HIV
  • 淋巴瘤
  • 多发性骨髓瘤
  • 尿路结核

撰稿人

Timothy J. Benton

Regional Chairman

Professor

Department of Family and Community Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center at the Permian Basin

Odessa

TX

利益声明

TJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Regional Chief Medical Informatics Officer

Medical Director Haven Health Clinics

Department of Family Medicine

Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center

Amarillo

TX

利益声明

BAL declares that she has no competing interests.

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Associate Professor

Department of Family Medicine

University of Texas Health Science Center

Tyler

TX

利益声明

RT declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Urological Surgeon

Bart's and The London NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

JM declares that he has no competing interests.

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