急性冠脉综合征 (Acute coronary syndrome, ACS) 可能不是胸痛患者最常见的病因，但是由于与未经治疗心肌梗死 (MI) 相关的死亡率高，排除 ACS 至关重要，ACS 包括不稳定型心绞痛、ST 段抬高型心肌梗死 (ST-elevation myocardial infarction, STEMI) 和非 ST 段抬高型心肌梗死 (Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, NSTEMI)。
James E. Brown, MD, MMM
Professor and Chair
Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine
JEB declares that he has given expert testimony in matters related to this topic.
Dr James E. Brown would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Marvin H. Eng and Dr Mori J. Krantz, previous contributors to this topic.
MHE declares that he has no competing interests. MJK is a consultant for GlaxoSmithKline.
Michael Jelinek, MD, FRACP, FACC
St Vincent’s Hospital Melbourne
Department of Medicine
University of Melbourne
MJ declares that he has no competing interests.
Debabrata Mukherjee, MD
Gill Foundation Professor of Interventional Cardiology
Director of Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories
Gill Heart Institute
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine
University of Kentucky
DM declares that he has no competing interests.
Martin Bocks, MD
University of Michigan Congenital Heart Center
MB declares that he has no competing interests.
Ethan Cumbler, MD
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
EC declares that he has no competing interests.
Davendra P.S. Sohal, MBBS, MPH
Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Jacobi Medical Center
DS declares that he has no competing interests.