最后审阅: 30 十月 2021
最后更新: 23 六月 2021

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 膀胱炎
  • 尿道炎
  • 肾盂肾炎
  • 外阴阴道炎(包括细菌性阴道病)
  • 龟头炎
  • 急性前列腺炎
  • 良性前列腺增生
  • 尿石症
  • 局部刺激物

不常见

  • 生殖器单纯疱疹病毒 (HSV)
  • 睾丸附睾炎
  • 宫颈炎
  • 血吸虫病
  • 结核病
  • 尿道狭窄/狭窄
  • 器械使用或导管插入术
  • 性虐待
  • 田径
  • 间质性膀胱炎
  • 萎缩性阴道炎
  • 脊柱关节病
  • 非感染性前列腺炎
  • 氯胺酮膀胱
  • 尿瘘
  • 前列腺癌
  • 膀胱癌
  • 肾癌
  • 宫颈癌
  • 尿道癌
  • 阴茎癌
  • 药物和草药

撰稿人

作者

Kasra Saeb-Parsy, BSc, MBBS, AFHEA, FRCSEd (Urol)
Kasra Saeb-Parsy

Consultant Urologist

Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Cambridge

UK

Honorary Lecturer

Anglia Ruskin University

Cambridge

UK

利益声明

KS-P declares that he has no competing interests.

Elaine Lee, MBBS, MA, FRCS (Urol)

Functional Urology Fellow

Eastern Health

Melbourne

Australia

利益声明

EL declares that she has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Kasra Saeb-Parsy and Elaine Lee would like to acknowledge Dr Vincent J. Gnanapragasam, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

VJG declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者

Robert Pickard, MD, FRCS (Urol)

Professor of Urology

Institute of Cellular Medicine

Newcastle University

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

利益声明

RP has received funding from the UK NHS (NIHR) to undertake commissioned reviews of treatment for benign prostatic enlargement.

George Martin, MD

Instructor

Department of Urology

Mayo Clinic

Scottsdale

AZ

利益声明

GM declares that he has no competing interests.

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