最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 06 五月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 排尿困难
  • 尿急
  • 尿频
  • 耻骨弓上疼痛
  • 既往泌尿道感染 (urinary tract infection, UTI) 史和治疗史

其他诊断因素

  • 近期尿路操作史
  • 胁腹痛
  • 腹痛
  • 发热
  • 阴道分泌物
  • 阴道瘙痒
  • 性交疼痛
  • 结构性或功能性膀胱异常

危险因素

  • 频繁性交
  • 泌尿道感染 (UTI) 史
  • 先天性畸形
  • 杀精凝胶剂
  • 尿道置管
  • 无症状性菌尿
  • 糖尿病
  • 脊髓损伤
  • 妊娠
  • 免疫缺陷
  • 老年
  • 未做包皮环切术
  • 年龄<15岁的初发泌尿系感染
  • 过去1年内更换性伴侣
  • 母亲的泌尿系感染病史
  • 使用阴道隔膜
  • 多次分娩
  • 肥胖
  • 阴道萎缩

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 尿液分析
  • 尿显微镜检查
  • 尿液培养及药敏
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Honorary Senior Lecturer of Urology

University of Sheffield

Consultant Urological Surgeon

Department of Urology

Royal Hallamshire Hospital

Sheffield

UK

利益声明

CC is a consultant for Astellas, Bayer, Contura, Ferring, Pierre Fabre, Symimetic, and Urovant Sciences. He is an author for Allergan, Astellas, and Ferring. He is an investigator for Astellas and Bayer. He is a co-patent holder for Symimetic. He is a speaker for Astellas and Lupin.

Consultant Urologist

Department of Urology

Royal Hallamshire Hospital

Sheffield

UK

利益声明

AM declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Christopher Chapple and Dr Altaf Mangera would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael K. Park, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

MKP declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Professor of Medicine

Department of Clinical Physiology

Division of Medicine

Whittington Campus

University College London Medical School

London

UK

利益声明

JML declares that he has no competing interests.

Chair

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Virginia Commonwealth University

Richmond

VA

利益声明

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

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