最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 31 一月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 患者无反应
  • 无正常呼吸
  • 无循环
  • 心律紊乱

危险因素

  • 冠状动脉病变 (CAD)
  • 左心室功能不全
  • 肥厚型心肌病 (HCM)
  • 致心律失常性右室发育不良(ARVD)
  • 长QT综合征(LQTS)
  • 延长 QT 间期或引起电解质紊乱的药物
  • 急性内科或外科急症
  • 非法药物
  • Brugada 综合征
  • 心脏瓣膜病
  • 吸烟
  • 进食障碍史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 连续心电监护
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 血清电解质
  • 动脉血气 (ABG)
  • 心脏生物标志物
  • 超声心动图
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 冠状动脉造影
  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 毒理学筛查
  • 心脏磁共振成像
  • 信号平均心电图(SAECG)
  • 电生理学检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Resident Physician

Department of Family Medicine

University of Calgary

Calgary

Canada 

利益声明

JW declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor and Department Head of Emergency Medicine

Cumming School of Medicine

University of Calgary

Alberta Health Services

Calgary

Canada

利益声明

EL declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr John Wink and Professor Eddy Lang would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Amar Krishnaswamy and Dr Arman T. Askari, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

AK and ATA declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Professor of Medicine

Division of Cardiology

University of California

San Francisco

CA

利益声明

VM declares that he has no competing interests.

Instructor

NYU Department of Medicine (Cardiology)

Leon H Charney Heart Rhythm Center and New York University

New York

NY

利益声明

AA declares that he has no competing interests.

Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer/Consultant

Department of Cardiology

Imperial College London

London

UK

利益声明

MFP declares that he has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明