最近审阅: 23 十月 2020
最近更新: 06 二月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 肿块
  • 上消化道/下消化道出血
  • 皮疹
  • 紫色黄斑丘疹性病变
  • 功能失调性子宫出血
  • 腹腰围增加
  • HIV 感染史
  • 急腹症的特征
  • 神经性疼痛

其他诊断因素

  • 体重减轻
  • 疲劳
  • 厌食
  • 腹部膨胀、不适、疼痛
  • 单侧肢体肿胀

危险因素

  • 基因遗传综合征
  • 放疗
  • 人类疱疹病毒 8 (HHV-8) 感染
  • 先天性疾病
  • 淋巴水肿
  • 化学致癌剂的接触史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 原发性肿瘤的 CT 扫描
  • 原发性肿瘤的 MRI
  • 胸部 CT 扫描
  • HIV 检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 原发性肿瘤的超声
  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 正电子发射断层成像扫描
  • 内镜检查
  • 组织学活检
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 尿素
  • 肌酐
  • 肝功能检查 (LFT)
  • 超声心动图或多门控采集 (MUGA) 扫描
  • 基因检测
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine

USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

JSH declares that he has no competing interests.

Fellow

USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

SS declares that she has no competing interests.

Director

Sarcoma Oncology Center

Santa Monica

CA

利益声明

SPC declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Swati Sikaria, Dr James S. Hu, and Dr Sant P. Chawla would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Jonathan C. Trent, Dr Saira Hassan, and Dr David Thomas, previous contributors to this monograph. JCT and SH each declare that they have no competing interests. DT has received research support from Pfizer, Amgen, and Novartis.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Director

Department of Surgical Sciences

Professor and Chairman

ENT Clinic

University of Udine

Udine

Italy

利益声明

AF declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Musculoskeletal Pathology

Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science

University College London

Stanmore

UK

利益声明

AF declares that she has no competing interests.

Medical Oncologist

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

New York

NY

利益声明

RM declares that he has no competing interests.

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