最近审阅: 七月 2020
最近更新: 八月  2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 肿瘤不断生长

其他诊断因素

  • 既往皮肤癌病史
  • 出血
  • 结痂皮
  • 皮肤日光损伤的证据
  • 创伤所致迁延不愈的柔嫩或瘙痒性伤口
  • 红斑样丘疹或斑块
  • 肉色或红斑样薄斑块
  • 圆顶状结节
  • 外生性、真菌样生长、疣状结节或斑块
  • 溃疡性肿瘤
  • 淋巴结肿大
  • 骨痛
  • 肝肿大
  • 神经系统体征

危险因素

  • 紫外线辐射暴露
  • 免疫抑制
  • 白皙皮肤
  • 人乳头瘤病毒
  • 遗传皮肤病
  • 老年
  • 男性
  • 电离辐射
  • 致癌因素
  • 日光性角化
  • 既往皮肤癌病史
  • 吸烟
  • 噻嗪利尿剂和心血管药物。
  • 纹身

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • CT扫描
  • MRI扫描
  • PET 扫描
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC) 和分类计数
  • 肝功能检查 (LFT)
  • 胸部 X 线检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Keyoumars Soltani

Professor

Department of Medicine

Director of Immunopathology

Laboratory Section of Dermatology

The University of Chicago

Chicago

IL

利益声明

KS declares that he has no competing interests.

Adaobi I. Nwaneshiudu

Assistant Professor

Department of Dermatology

Department of Pathology

Director of Dermatopathology

Director of Women's Health/Ethnic Skin

Temple University School of Medicine

Philadelphia

PA

利益声明

AIN declares that she has no competing interests.

Prof K. Soltani and Dr A. I. Nwaneshiudu would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Carlos Paz and Dr Jessica M. Sheehan, the previous co-contributors to this monograph. CP and JMS declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Professor of Dermatology

Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons

New York City

NY

利益声明

NS declares that she has no competing interests.

Associate Head

Associate Professor

Department of Dermatology

University of Illinois

Chicago

IL

利益声明

IA declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Dermatology & Otolaryngology

Director of Mohs, Dermatologic & Laser Surgery

Director of Surgical Training

Department of Dermatology & Cutaneous Surgery

University of Miami

Miami

FL

利益声明

KN declares that he has no competing interests.

Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Dermatologist (Barts and the London NHS Trust)

Institute of Cellular and Molecular Science

London

UK

利益声明

JMG declares that she has no competing interests.

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