最近审阅: 23 十月 2020
最近更新: 20 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 急性发作
  • 鼻炎
  • 咽痛
  • 打喷嚏
  • 鼻后滴流
  • 咳嗽
  • 发热
  • 非特异性咽部发红
  • 鼻黏膜水肿/红斑
  • 鼻孔和后咽脓性分泌物
  • 脉搏<100 次/分;无低血压。

其他诊断因素

  • 不适感
  • 肌痛
  • 口臭
  • 扁桃体发炎

危险因素

  • 暴露于患病的个体
  • 低龄
  • 冬季
  • 日间托儿所托管
  • 暴露于吸烟或其他呼吸道刺激物

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 咽喉拭子
  • 痰培养
  • 嗜异性抗体试验
  • C 反应蛋白 (CRP)
  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 鼻窦 CT 扫描
  • 病毒检测
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

利益声明

BA is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Associate Professor of Integrated Care

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

利益声明

TK is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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Senior Research Fellow

Division of Community Health Sciences

St. George's University of London

London

UK

利益声明

CC declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine

Bond University

Queensland

Australia

利益声明

CDM declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Belgium

利益声明

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

Mary Lowell Leary Endowed Professor

General Internal Medicine

Paediatrics

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

利益声明

GP has no competing interests in regards to the common cold. He does consult with a variety of manufacturers and performs research studies related to influenza, founded by vaccine manufacturers, none of which involves virus related to the common cold.

Professor of Clinical Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director

Intensive Care Unit

Weiler Division/Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

利益声明

PD has served as a consultant to Reckitt Benckiser, Procter & Gamble, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Glaxo SmithKline, and Boehringer Ingelheim.

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