最近审阅: 4 十一月 2020
最近更新: 30 十月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 闭经
  • 月经周期不规律
  • 潮热和盗汗
  • 阴道症状
  • 情绪变化

其他诊断因素

  • 睡眠障碍
  • 轻度健忘
  • 月经过多

危险因素

  • 40 至 60 岁
  • 癌症治疗
  • 吸烟
  • 卵巢手术
  • 母亲的绝经年龄

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Clinical Director Women and Sexual Health

NHS Dumfries and Galloway

Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary

Scotland

UK

利益声明

HC declares that she has received sponsorship, educational grants, speaker fees, funding for attendance at meetings, and advisory board fees from several pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical companies, which supports the running and development of Menopause Matters Ltd.

Consultant Gynaecologist

Clinical Lead for Menopause Service

King's College Hospital NHS Trust

London

UK

利益声明

HH declares that he has acted in an advisory capacity for Bayer. HH received a research grant to support a clinical trial and support to attend academic conferences from Besins.

Independence Park Medical Services

Anchorage

AK

利益声明

BWF is a consultant for Advance Medical and Kevin Trangle Associates and is on the Speakers Bureau for Abbvie.

Dr Heather Currie, Dr Haitham Hamoda, and Dr Bradford W. Fenton would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Rebekah Wang-Cheng, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

RWC declares that she has no competing interests.

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Assistant Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Virginia Commonwealth University

Richmond

VA

利益声明

NGOC declares that she has no competing interests.

Internist

Daniel Island

SC

利益声明

CS declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant

Honorary Senior Lecturer and Clinical Director

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital

Norwich

UK

利益声明

EM declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Columbia University in New York Medical Center

New York

NY

利益声明

MW has received research funding from Ferring and Pfizer Wyeth; has acted as an advisory board consultant for Pfizer Wyeth, QuatRx, and Yoplait; and is on the speakers' bureau of Amgen, Upsher Smith, and Warner Chilcott. MW is also an author of a reference cited in this topic.

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