为临床诊断，基于连续 12 个月无月经的事实；对于临床表现相符的患者，不需要进一步检查。
连续停经至少 12 个月，并且无导致闭经的其他原因（例如妊娠、激素治疗或其他医学疾病）预示着绝经期的开始。对于恰当临床情况下的闭经或无子宫女性的绝经期症状，无需进一步检测。
Heather Currie, MB BS, FRCOG, DRCOG, MRCGP
Clinical Director Women and Sexual Health
NHS Dumfries and Galloway
Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary
HC declares that she has received sponsorship, educational grants, speaker fees, funding for attendance at meetings, and advisory board fees from several pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical companies, which supports the running and development of Menopause Matters Ltd.
Haitham Hamoda, MBChB, MD, FRCO
Clinical Lead for Menopause Service
King's College Hospital NHS Trust
HH declares that he has acted in an advisory capacity for Bayer. HH received a research grant to support a clinical trial and support to attend academic conferences from Besins.
Bradford W. Fenton, MD, PhD, FACOG
Independence Park Medical Services
BWF is a consultant for Advance Medical and Kevin Trangle Associates and is on the Speakers Bureau for Abbvie.
Dr Heather Currie, Dr Haitham Hamoda, and Dr Bradford W. Fenton would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Rebekah Wang-Cheng, a previous contributor to this topic.
RWC declares that she has no competing interests.
Nan Gillespie O’Connell, MD
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Virginia Commonwealth University
NGOC declares that she has no competing interests.
Carolyn Simpkins, MD, PhD
CS declares that she has no competing interests.
Edward Morris, MD
Honorary Senior Lecturer and Clinical Director
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital
EM declares that he has no competing interests.
Michelle Warren, MD
Professor of Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Columbia University in New York Medical Center
MW has received research funding from Ferring and Pfizer Wyeth; has acted as an advisory board consultant for Pfizer Wyeth, QuatRx, and Yoplait; and is on the speakers' bureau of Amgen, Upsher Smith, and Warner Chilcott. MW is also an author of a reference cited in this topic.