最近审阅: 1 十一月 2020
最近更新: 24 三月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 流感样疾病,伴有低热、疲乏和关节痛

其他诊断因素

  • 咳嗽
  • 呼吸短促
  • 双侧湿啰音

危险因素

  • 感染性肺炎
  • 结缔组织病
  • 免疫疾病和炎症性肠病
  • 器官移植
  • 用药
  • 乳腺放疗
  • 暴露于毒素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 胸部 X 线检查 (CXR)
  • 高分辨率胸部 CT 扫描 (HRCT)
  • 全血细胞计数(FBC)
  • 红细胞沉降率
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 肺功能检查 (PFT)
  • 电视辅助胸腔镜活检
  • 肌酸激酶
  • 抗心磷脂抗体
  • 狼疮抗凝物抗体
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Gary R. Epler

Clinical Associate Professor

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

利益声明

GRE is an author of several references cited in this topic.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Professor of Medicine and Director

Division of Pulmonary/Critical Care/Allergy/Sleep Medicine

Medical University of South Carolina

Charleston

SC

利益声明

SS declares that he has no competing interests.

National Jewish Medical and Research Center

Denver

CO

利益声明

TLC has been reimbursed by the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), American Academy of Sleep Medicine, American Thoracic Society, and Cephalon, the manufacturer of modafinil, for attending several conferences. He has been paid by the ACCP for running educational programs and by Elsevier for serving as consultant of the Sleep Medicine Clinics. He has also received research funding from the National Institutes of Health, Respironics, Restore, and Schwarz Pharma, and has been a member of the speakers' bureau for GlaxoSmithKline.

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