最近审阅: 29 十月 2020
最近更新: 19 六月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 婴儿、儿童和老年人
  • 过度拥挤的既往史
  • 在同一时期内家庭成员或密切接触者有瘙痒病史
  • 全身剧烈瘙痒,通常在夜间加剧
  • 隧道
  • 丘疹、水疱、表皮剥脱
  • 隧道墨水检测阳性

其他诊断因素

  • 儿童面部、颈部、手掌、足底的丘疹
  • 免疫抑制
  • 大疱
  • 肘部、膝部、手部和足部发生厚的结痂性皮损伴有甲营养不良
  • 结节

危险因素

  • 过度拥挤的条件/贫穷
  • 与被感染者近距离居住
  • 年龄在 15 岁以下和 65 岁以上
  • 与新的或者多名伴侣有性接触
  • 免疫抑制
  • 卫生条件差
  • 与受感染动物的接触
  • 与污染的衣物、毛巾和床铺接触
  • 冬季

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Laura Korb Ferris

Assistant Professor

Department of Dermatology

University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh

PA

利益声明

LKF declares that she has no competing interests.

Dermatologist

Treasure Valley Dermatology and Skin Cancer Center

Boise

ID

利益声明

RH declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Laura Korb Ferris and Dr Ryan Harris would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Pooja Khera, a previous contributor to this topic. PK declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Assistant Professor

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

DC declares that he has no competing interests.

Chairman

International Foundation of Dermatology

London

UK

利益声明

RJH declares that he has no competing interests.

内容使用需遵循免责声明