最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 14 三月 2019

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 哮鸣音
  • 呼吸短促
  • 急性局部肢体无力

其他诊断因素

  • 鼻溢(流涕)
  • 咳嗽
  • 打喷嚏
  • 肌痛
  • 发热

危险因素

  • 年龄<18 岁
  • 哮喘、喘息病史
  • 慢性肺疾病史
  • 夏末或秋季

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 呼吸系统病毒检测
  • 脉搏血氧测量测定法
  • 脊柱 MRI 增强扫描
  • 腰椎穿刺:
  • 肌电图
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 通过鼻咽拭子进行实时逆转录 (real-time reverse transcription, rRT) PCR 检测
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Charles Foster

Staff Physician

Center for Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Pediatric Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

CF declares that he has no competing interests.

Giovanni Piedimonte

Professor & Chair

Pediatric Institute

Physician-in-Chief

Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

GP declares that he has no competing interests.

Neil R. Friedman

Director

Center for Pediatric Neurology

Neurological Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

NRF declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Clinical Assistant Professor

Emergency Medicine Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

FK declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Pediatric Infectious Disease

Children’s Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado School of Medicine

Aurora

CO

利益声明

SRD declares that he has no competing interests.

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