最后审阅: 30 十月 2021
最后更新: 15 三月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 哮鸣音
  • 呼吸短促
  • 急性迟缓性肢体无力

其他诊断因素

  • 鼻溢(流涕)
  • 咳嗽
  • 打喷嚏
  • 肌痛
  • 发热

危险因素

  • 年龄<18 岁
  • 哮喘、喘息病史
  • 慢性肺疾病史
  • 夏末或秋季

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 呼吸系统病毒检测
  • 实时逆转录(rRT)PCR 检测或分子测序
  • 脉搏血氧测量测定法
  • 脊柱和脑部增强 MRI
  • 腰椎穿刺
  • 肌电图

治疗流程

撰稿人

作者

Charles Foster, MD
Charles Foster

Staff Physician

Center for Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Pediatric Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

CF declares that he has no competing interests.

Giovanni Piedimonte, MD, FAAP, FCCP
Giovanni Piedimonte

Professor & Chair

Pediatric Institute

Physician-in-Chief

Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

GP declares that he has no competing interests.

Neil R. Friedman, MD
Neil R. Friedman

Director

Center for Pediatric Neurology

Neurological Institute

Cleveland Clinic

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

NRF declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者

Feras Khan, MD

Clinical Assistant Professor

Emergency Medicine Physician

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

FK declares that he has no competing interests.

Samuel R. Dominguez, MD, PhD

Associate Professor

Pediatric Infectious Disease

Children’s Hospital Colorado and University of Colorado School of Medicine

Aurora

CO

利益声明

SRD declares that he has no competing interests.

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