最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 05 五月 2020

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 非出血性容量减少
  • 上消化道出血
  • 下消化道出血
  • 透析相关性低血压
  • 外伤
  • 急性冠脉综合征
  • 急性心力衰竭
  • 心律失常
  • 急性肺栓塞
  • 药物相关
  • 妊娠(无并发症)
  • 血管迷走性晕厥
  • 脓毒症
  • 慢性肝病
  • 帕金森病

不常见

  • 腹主动脉瘤破裂
  • 异位妊娠
  • 腹膜后出血
  • 颈动脉窦综合征(心脏抑制亚型)
  • 严重的甲状腺功能减退
  • 张力性气胸
  • 心包填塞
  • 情景性晕厥
  • 过敏反应
  • 颈动脉窦综合征(血管舒张亚型)
  • 糖尿病自主神经病变
  • 多系统萎缩
  • 卒中后
  • 原发性自主神经功能衰竭
  • 淀粉样变性
  • 肾上腺抑制(医源性)
  • Addison 病
  • 垂体机能减退
  • 硫胺素缺乏病
  • 维生素 B12 缺乏症
  • 类癌综合征

撰稿人

Consultant Geriatrician

Department of Healthcare of Older People

Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust

Queen’s Medical Centre

Nottingham

UK

利益声明

FK is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Consultant Geriatrician

Beaumont Hospital

Dublin

Honorary Senior Lecturer at Royal College of Surgeons

Ireland Medical School

Dublin

Republic of Ireland

利益声明

AM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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Cardiologist

Skagit Valley Hospital

Mount Vernon

WA

利益声明

VSP declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Geriatric Medicine

Prince of Wales Hospital

Sydney

Australia

利益声明

GC declares that he has no competing interests.

Academic Sydney Medical School

University of Sydney

Consultant Geriatrician

Concord Hospital Centre for Education and Research on Ageing

Concord

Australia

利益声明

VN declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Director

Acute Medicine

Associate Medical Director

Consultant Emergency Medicine

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Clinical Lead and Consultant

Accident Emergency Medicine

St Thomas' Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

AP declares that he has no competing interests.

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