最近审阅: 6 十一月 2020
最近更新: 25 二月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 直肠出血、疼痛或肿块

其他诊断因素

  • 腹股沟淋巴结肿块
  • 远处转移的征象

危险因素

  • HPV
  • HIV
  • 男男性行为者
  • 免疫抑制
  • 肛门外伤
  • 肛瘘
  • 克罗恩病

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 肛门镜检查
  • 肿瘤活检
  • 肛管肛门超声
  • 腹腔盆腔 CT 扫描
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 胸部 X 射线或胸部 CT 扫描
  • PET 扫描
  • 腹股沟淋巴结穿刺活检
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Professor and Frank T. McGraw Endowed Chair

Radiation Oncology

MD Anderson Cancer Center

Houston

TX

利益声明

BDM is a co-chair emeritus of the NCI GI Steering Committee.

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Associate Professor

Department of Radiation Oncology

Duke University Medical Center

Durham

NC

利益声明

BC declares that he has no competing interests.

Chief and Associate Professor

Department of Radiation Oncology

Boston University Medical Center

Boston

MA

利益声明

LK has received funding from the US Department of Defense to perform research on non-anal cancers. LK is the author of a study referenced in this monograph.

Consultant Colorectal Surgeon

Assistant Director

The Polyposis Registry

St Mark's Hospital

Harrow

UK

利益声明

SC declares that she has no competing interests.

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