最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 27 四月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 孕周<37周
  • 身长短、体重低、头围小
  • 面部畸形特征
  • 存在出生缺陷
  • 发育迟缓或行为问题
  • 心理健康问题
  • 有相似症状的兄弟姐妹

其他诊断因素

  • 听力或视力障碍
  • 饮食不佳
  • 易怒

危险因素

  • 孕期母体摄入酒精
  • 现在母体摄入酒精
  • 高胎次妊娠
  • 高胎次
  • 母亲的乙醇脱氢酶1B*1/乙醇脱氢酶1B*3或 乙醇脱氢酶1B*1/乙醇脱氢酶1B*1基因型
  • 母亲饮酒的历史较长
  • 母亲年龄增加
  • 母亲体重、身高以及头围低母亲在孕期使用烟草
  • 母亲在孕期使用烟草
  • 母亲的社会经济地位低
  • 孕妇饮酒家族史
  • 母亲的种族

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 产前胎儿超声检查
  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 超声心动图
  • 脑电图 (EEG)
  • 头部MRI/CT
  • 肾脏超声检查
  • 骨骼 X 线
  • 筛查验血
  • 染色体微阵列
更多 需考虑的检查

新兴检查

  • 功能性MRI:
  • 磁共振波谱
  • 3 维面部影像学
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

进行中

撰稿人

Elizabeth Elliott

Professor of Paediatrics and Child Health

Faculty of Medicine and Health

University of Sydney

Consultant Paediatrician

The Children's Hospital at Westmead

Sydney

Director

Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit

Westmead

Australia

利益声明

EE is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Dr Elizabeth Elliott would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Elizabeth Peadon, a previous contributor to this monograph. EP is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Medical Director

Program in Genetics and Metabolism

Professor

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health

University of Manitoba

Winnipeg

Canada

利益声明

AEC has been paid an honorarium and consulting fees for the development of screening tools for identifying individuals at risk for FASD in Canada. AEC is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

Clinical Professor

Senior Principal Research Fellow

Telethon Institute for Child Health Research

Centre for Child Health Research

The University of Western Australia

Perth

Australia

利益声明

CB is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph, and sometimes collaborates with the authors.

Professor of Sociology

Professor of Family and Community Medicine

The University of New Mexico

Albuquerque

NM

利益声明

PAM is an author of a number of references cited in this monograph.

内容使用需遵循免责声明