最近审阅: 28 十月 2020
最近更新: 01 三月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 妊娠早期
  • 停经
  • 阴道出血
  • 子宫反常地大于孕龄

其他诊断因素

  • 头痛和畏光
  • 呼吸短促和呼吸窘迫
  • 剧烈恶心和呕吐
  • 心动过速、震颤、失眠和腹泻
  • 高血压
  • 苍白
  • 盆腔疼痛
  • 子宫出血
  • 外周水肿

危险因素

  • 妊娠年龄的两极端
  • 既往妊娠滋养细胞疾病 (GTD)
  • A、B、AB 型血
  • 吸烟
  • 膳食脂肪和胡萝卜素减少

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 血清 β-人绒毛膜促性腺激素 (hCG)
  • 全血细胞计数 (FBC)
  • 血清 PT、PTT
  • 血清代谢检查组合
  • 血清促甲状腺激素 (TSH)
  • 血型及抗体筛查
  • 盆腔超声检查
  • 胸部 X 线检查 (CXR)
  • 胎盘组织的组织学检查
更多 首要检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

University of North Carolina

Chapel Hill

NC

利益声明

JS declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Indiana University

Indianapolis

IN

利益声明

ER declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Consultant Gynecologist

Subspecialist in Reproductive Medicine

Newcastle Fertility Centre at Life

Bioscience Centre

International Centre at Life

Newcastle upon Tyne

UK

利益声明

JS declares that she has no competing interests.

Consultant in Medical Oncology

Department of Medical Oncology

Charing Cross Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

PS declares that he has no competing interests.

Physician Consultant

Preventive Medicine

Private Practice

Atlanta

GA

利益声明

AS declares that she has no competing interests.

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