最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 04 九月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 致敏剂或刺激物的职业暴露
  • 哮喘症状在假日期间改善
  • 在工作期间哮喘症状的初次发作

危险因素

  • 高水平致敏剂暴露
  • 特应性
  • 遗传因素
  • 吸烟

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 肺量测定(使用支气管舒张剂前、后)
  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 皮肤点刺试验
  • 特异性血清 IgE 测定
  • 非特异性支气管激发试验
  • 连续呼气峰流速检测
更多 首要检查

新兴检查

  • 诱导痰细胞学检查
  • 呼出气一氧化氮
更多 新兴检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Ryan Hoy

Respiratory Physician

The Alfred Hospital

Melbourne

Victoria

Australia

利益声明

RH declares that he has no competing interests.

Susan M. Tarlo

Professor of Medicine

University of Toronto

Respiratory Physician

Toronto Western Hospital

Toronto

Ontario

Canada

利益声明

SMT has performed medical assessments of patients at the request of the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (the Ontario workers' compensation system), for which payments were made to her institution. She has also received research grant support from the Ontario Workplace Safety and Insurance Board.

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Associate Professor of Medicine

Stanford University

Stanford

Staff Physician

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Palo Alto Health Care System

Palo Alto

CA

利益声明

WK declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor of Medicine

National Jewish Medical Centre

Denver

CO

利益声明

KP declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor of Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

PH declares that he has no competing interests.

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