最近审阅: 28 十月 2020
最近更新: 13 四月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 无痛性阴囊肿物
  • 左侧征/症状
  • 小睾丸

其他诊断因素

  • 不育症
  • 年龄超过12岁
  • 阴囊或腹股沟疼痛

危险因素

  • 人体测量参数(高/低体重指数)
  • 精索静脉曲张的家族史

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 阴囊的彩色多普勒超声血流成像
  • 精液分析
  • 血清卵泡刺激素(± 促性腺激素释放激素刺激 )
  • 血清睾酮
  • DNA碎片化指数(DFI)
  • 腹部/盆腔 CT
  • 腹部/骨盆 MRI
  • 腹膜后超声检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急性处理

撰稿人

Pravin Rao

Urologist

Department of Urology

Mid-Atlantic Permanente Medical Group

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

PR declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Pravin Rao would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Miguel Pineda, Dr John C. Thomas, and Dr Wayne Kuang, previous contributors to this monograph. MP, JCT, and WK declare that they have no competing interests.

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Assistant Professor

Division of Pediatric Urology

University of Utah

Primary Children's Medical Center

Salt Lake City

UT

利益声明

SO declares that she has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Pediatric Urology

Medical College of Georgia

Augusta

GA

利益声明

JD declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor

Department of Urology

Head

Section of Male Infertility and Andrology

University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health

Madison

WI

利益声明

DHW declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Center for Male Fertility

Glickman Urological and Kidney Institute

Cleveland

OH

利益声明

ES declares that he has no competing interests.

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