最近审阅: 25 十月 2020
最近更新: 29 六月 2016

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 左胸骨旁收缩期杂音
  • 发育迟滞
  • 呼吸短促

其他诊断因素

  • 反复肺部感染
  • 第二心音肺动脉瓣成分响亮
  • 紫绀
  • 杵状指
  • 近期心肌梗死(通常在 2~5 天内)
  • 近期外伤

危险因素

  • 先天性心脏病家族史
  • 唐氏综合征(21 三体)
  • 妊娠期间饮酒

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 超声心动图
  • 胸部 X 线检查
  • 心电图 (ECG)
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 心脏磁共振成像
  • 心导管检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Kul Aggarwal

Professor of Clinical Medicine

University of Missouri

Columbia

MO

利益声明

KA declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Kul Aggarwal would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor Zuhdi Lababidi, a previous contributor to this monograph. ZL declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Acting Head

Department of Cardiology

Royal Children's Hospital

Melbourne

Australia

利益声明

MC declares that he has no competing interests.

Consultant Paediatric Cardiologist and Honorary Senior Lecturer

Great Ormond Street Hospital and Institute of Child Health

London

UK

利益声明

SK declares that he has no competing interests.

Attending Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgeon

Medical University of South Carolina Children's Hospital

Charleston

SC

利益声明

TYH declares that he has no competing interests.

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