最近审阅: 28 十月 2020
最近更新: 23 一月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 收缩期喷射性杂音
  • 第二心音固定分裂

其他诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 舒张中期杂音
  • 充血性心力衰竭
  • 生长障碍
  • 房性心律失常的症状
  • 紫绀
  • 杵状指

危险因素

  • 女性
  • 孕妇饮酒
  • 阳性家族史

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 超声心动图
  • 心电图 (ECG)
  • 胸部 X 线检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 胸部 CT/MRI 检查
  • 心导管检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Consultant in Paediatric and Adolescent Cardiology

Interventional Cardiologist

Honorary Senior Lecturer

Paediatric and Adolescent Cardiology

Great Ormond Street Hospital and Institute of Child Health

London

UK

利益声明

SK declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Sachin Khambadkone would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Brandon Lane Phillips, Dr Frank Cetta, and Dr David J. Driscoll, previous contributors of this monograph. BLP, FC, and DJD declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Senior Fellow

Adult Congenital Heart Disease and Pulmonary Hypertension

Department of Cardiology

Children's Hospital Boston

Department of Medicine

Division of Cardiology

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Boston

MA

利益声明

AO declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Section of Transcatheter Treatment of Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult

Rovigo General Hospital

Rovigo

Italy

利益声明

GR declares that he has no competing interests.

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