最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 06 九月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

其他诊断因素

  • 既往肾结石
  • 胁腹痛
  • 血尿
  • 肋脊角压痛
  • 排尿困难
  • 尿急
  • 排尿次数增加
  • 腹股沟痛

危险因素

  • 偏身肥大
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann综合征
  • 克罗恩氏病
  • 先天性肝纤维化
  • Ehlers-Danlos综合征
  • 多囊肾家族史
  • 慢性肾病
  • 高钙尿症
  • 女性
  • 甲状旁腺功能亢进症

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 尿液分析
  • 尿液培养
  • 尿素和肌酐
  • 血清电解质
  • 腹部放射摄影术
  • 肾脏超声
  • 静脉尿路造影 (IVU)
  • CT平扫
  • CT 尿路造影
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 24 小时尿液监测
  • 结石分析
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Associate Professor of Medicine

Clinical Director of Nephrology

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

MJC declares that he has no competing interests.

Clinical Chief

Division of Nephrology

New York University School of Medicine

New York VA Medical Center

New York

NY

利益声明

DSG declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Michael J. Choi and Dr David S. Goldfarb would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Amaka Edeani, a previous contributor to this monograph. AE declares that she has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Internal Medicine Physician

UT Southwestern Medical Center

Dallas

TX

利益声明

KS declares that he has no competing interests.

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Renal Division

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Channing Laboratory

Boston

MA

利益声明

ENT declares that he has no competing interests.

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