最近审阅: 6 二月 2021
最近更新: 02 十月 2020

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 年龄<3 岁
  • 白瞳症(瞳孔白色反光)
  • 斜视
  • 阳性家族史
  • 假性眼眶蜂窝织炎
  • 13q 综合征

其他诊断因素

  • 视觉障碍
  • 眼痛
  • 松果体瘤

危险因素

  • RB1 基因突变
  • HPV 病毒感染
  • 高父龄

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 眼底检查和麻醉下检查
  • 广视野眼底照相和频域光学相干断层扫描 (sdOCT)
  • 眼部A 型和 B 型超声扫描

需考虑的检查

  • 基因检测
  • 头部/眼眶 MRI
  • 骨髓穿刺
  • 腰椎穿刺:

治疗流程

撰稿人

Founding Director/CEO

Murray Ocular Oncology and Retina

Miami

FL

利益声明

TGM is president-elect of the American Society for Retina Specialists and has served on advisory panels for the FDA, Alcon Surgical, and Regeneron. TGM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Ocular Oncologist

Associate Professor 

Department of Ophthalmology

University of Puerto Rico

Associate Professor

Department of Surgery

Ponce Health Sciences University School of Medicine

Voluntary Faculty

Bascom Palmer Eye Institute

University of Miami

Miami

FL

利益声明

VMV is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Dr Timothy G. Murray and Dr Victor M. Villegas would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Amy C. Schefler, a previous contributor to this topic, and Dr Steven Houston, III, MD for his contribution to the topic. ACS is an author of a number of references cited in this topic. SH declares that he has no competing interests.

同行评议者展开全部内容

Director

Pharmaceutical Clinical & Scientific Affairs

Bausch & Lomb

Rochester

NY

利益声明

SS declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor and Head of Pediatric Ocular Oncology Unit

Jules Gonin Eye Hospital

Lausanne

Switzerland

利益声明

FM declares that he has no competing interests.

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