腘窝囊肿

最后审阅: 2 六月 2022
最后更新: 22 九月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 腘窝隆起
  • 膝关节疼痛
  • 腿肿胀
  • 小腿触痛
更多 关键诊断因素

其他诊断因素

  • 小腿瘀癍
  • Lyme病
其他诊断因素

危险因素

  • 膝关节外伤
  • 潜在膝关节炎或滑膜炎
  • 潜在膝关节感染
  • 年龄增长
更多 危险因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 腿部双功超声检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 腿部 MRI 扫描
  • 腿部 CT 扫描
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

急症处理

无症状

有症状:初始治疗

有症状:初始保守治疗后仍不缓解

撰稿人

作者

John D. Kelly IV, MD

Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery

Director of Sports Shoulder Service

Orthopaedic Surgery

University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia

PA

利益声明

JK declares that he has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr John D. Kelly IV would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Antonios P. Gasparis and Dr Nicos Labropoulos, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

APG declares that he has no competing interests. NL is the author of multiple references cited in this topic.

同行评议者

Brian Sabb, DO

Clinical Lecturer II

Orthopedic Radiologist

Department of Radiology

University of Michigan Medical Center

Ann Arbor

MI

利益声明

BS declares that he has no competing interests.

Hill Gaston, MA, PhD, BM BCh, FRCP, FMedSci

Professor of Rheumatology

University of Cambridge

Clinical Director

West Anglia CLRN

Cambridge

UK

利益声明

HG declares that he has no competing interests.

Richard Wakefield, BM, MRCP, MD

Senior Lecturer in Rheumatology

Academic Section of Musculoskeletal Disease

Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine

Chapel Allerton Hospital

Leeds

UK

利益声明

RW declares that he has no competing interests.

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