最近审阅: 24 十月 2020
最近更新: 24 一月 2019

小结

鉴别诊断

常见

  • 急性/慢性支气管炎
  • 肺结核
  • 肺脓肿
  • 肺炎
  • 原发性肺癌
  • 肺转移
  • 抗凝血药物和溶栓剂
  • 有毒物质吸入
  • 支气管扩张症
  • 肺血栓栓塞症
  • 二尖瓣狭窄
  • 左心室衰竭
  • 凝血功能障碍
  • 血小板减少症
  • 弥散性血管内凝血

不常见

  • 曲霉球
  • 支气管内类癌
  • 异物吸入
  • 胃内容物误吸
  • 支气管结石症
  • 气管-食管瘘
  • 支气管毛细血管扩张症
  • 气道创伤
  • Dieulafoy病
  • 胸腔子宫内膜异位症
  • 肺动脉瘤
  • 脂肪栓塞
  • 肿瘤性血栓栓塞
  • 动静脉畸形
  • 肺出血综合征
  • 肉芽肿性多血管炎(之前的韦格纳肉芽肿)
  • 系统性血管炎
  • 先天性心脏病
  • 三尖瓣心内膜炎
  • 支气管源性囊肿
  • 做作性咯血

撰稿人

Professor of Medicine

Interventional Pulmonology

David Geffen School of Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

IS has received past support from Cook Medical for tracheostomy education and workshops.

Associate Professor of Medicine

David Geffen School of Medicine

University of California

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

JMB declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Irawan Susanto and Dr Joanne Bando would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Erik Folch and Professor James K. Stoller, previous contributors to this topic.

利益声明

EF and JKS are authors of references cited in this topic.

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Professor

Box Hill Hospital and Monash University

Victoria

Australia

利益声明

FT declares that he has no competing interests.

Interventional Radiologist and Pulmonologist

Full Professor and Chief of Interventional Radiology

University of Zaragoza

Zaragoza

Spain

利益声明

MAdG has been reimbursed by Cook Medical and Abbott Vascular for attending several conferences; by Cook Medical and UCB Pharma for speaking; by Cook Medical and St Jude Medical for running educational programs.

Staff Physician

Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Palo Alto Health Care System

Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine

Stanford University School of Medicine

Palo Alto

CA

利益声明

HSP declares that he has no competing interests.

Director

Medical Intensive Care Unit

West Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center

Los Angeles

CA

利益声明

GWSH declares that he has no competing interests.

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