最近审阅: 26 十月 2020
最近更新: 28 一月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 上腹不适
  • 恶心
  • 头痛
  • 呕吐

其他诊断因素

  • 出冷汗
  • 口干
  • 头晕
  • 打呵欠和睡意
  • 苍白
  • 近期饮酒
  • 不稳定性和动作失调

危险因素

  • 童年时期
  • 女性
  • 中国血统
  • 晕动病家族史
  • 偏头痛史
  • 前庭病
  • 视觉障碍
  • 饮酒
  • 吸烟
  • 空间定向障碍与空间运动不适症状
  • 荷尔蒙因素
  • 令人不愉快的景象或呕吐物味道
  • 冲突的感觉输入(例如在汽车内、摆式列车内阅读)
  • 心理因素
  • 空间加载的并发任务
  • 神经系统疾病

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Kenneth L. Koch

Professor (Section Head Gastroenterology)

Wake Forest University

Health Sciences Center

Winston-Salem

NC

利益声明

KLK is an author of several references cited in this topic.

Dr Kenneth L. Koch would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael Andrew Gresty, a previous contributor to this monograph. MAG is an author of several references cited in this monograph.

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Visiting Consultant to the Royal Air Force Centre for Aviation Medicine

Royal Air Force Henlow

UK

利益声明

AJB declares that he has no competing interests.

Lecturer in Human Cardiorespiratory and Aerospace Physiology

Division of Applied Biomedical Research

Department of Physiology

King's College London

London

UK

利益声明

DAG declares that he has no competing interests.

Department of Neurology

Park-Klinik Weissensee

Berlin

Germany

利益声明

MVB declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Otolaryngology and Neurology

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

利益声明

RL declares that he has no competing interests.

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