最近审阅: 27 十月 2020
最近更新: 07 二月 2018

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 跨越至少 2 个时区的旅行史
  • 入睡困难
  • 难以维持睡眠
  • 日间嗜睡
  • 白天警觉性下降

其他诊断因素

  • 恶心、腹胀、便秘
  • 全身不适
  • 肌肉痉挛

危险因素

  • 跨多时区且快速的旅行
  • 睡眠减少
  • 个体对时区转变的敏感性
  • 过度饮酒或过量的摄入咖啡因
  • 压力

诊断性检查

需考虑的检查

  • 多导睡眠图
  • 活动记录仪检查
  • 睡眠日记
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

Director

Sleep Disorders Center

Department of Neurology

Middlesex Hospital

Middletown

CT

利益声明

AA declares that he has no competing interests.

Dr Ashish Adlakha would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sudhansu Chokroverty, a previous contributor to this topic.

利益声明

SC declares that he has no competing interests.

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Associate Director

Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center

Baltimore

MD

利益声明

DNN has received consulting fees and honoraria for speaking programs from Sanofi-Aventis and Takeda Pharmaceuticals. These companies manufacture medications mentioned in this topic.

Emeritus Fellow

UK Cochrane Centre

Oxford

UK

利益声明

AH is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

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