最后审阅: 28 九月 2021
最后更新: 21 四月 2021

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 皮肤病变

其他诊断因素

  • 皮肤触痛
  • 抑郁、社会孤立
  • 全身性症状

危险因素

  • 年龄 12~24 岁
  • 遗传易感性
  • 油性皮肤/皮脂生成增加
  • 内分泌系统疾病
  • 饮食因素
  • 女性性别/雌激素
  • 肥胖/胰岛素抵抗
  • 雄激素增多症
  • 药物治疗
  • 接触卤化物

诊断性检查

治疗流程

撰稿人

作者

Robert P. Dellavalle, MD, PhD, MSPH

Professor of Dermatology and Public Health

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Colorado School of Public Health

Chief, Dermatology Service

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Eastern Colorado Health Care System

Aurora

CO

利益声明

RD is an Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics investigator of global antibiotic use for acne. He receives royalties from UpToDate. RD was the PI on Pfizer Pharmaceutical independent research grants to the University of Colorado for development of open access patient decision aids.

Torunn E. Sivesind, MD

Dermatology Research Fellow

University of Colorado School of Medicine

Aurora

CO

利益声明

TS receives fellowship funding from the Pfizer Global Medical Grant Dermatology Fellowship 2020 (PI: R.P. Dellavalle), and serves on the Medical Advisory Board of Antedotum Inc.

鸣谢

Professor Dellavalle and Dr Sivesind would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sarah Shangraw, Dr Mark Naftanel, Dr Yolanda Rosi Helfrich, and Dr Amanda Howland, previous contributors to this topic.

SS, MN, YRH, and AH declare that they have no competing interests.

同行评议者

Gina Taylor, MD

Resident

Department of Dermatology

SUNY Downstate Medical Center

New York

NY

利益声明

GT declares that she has no competing interests.

Gillian Murphy, MD, FRCPI, FRCP, Edin

Consultant Dermatologist

Dermatology

Beaumont Hospital

Dublin

Ireland

利益声明

Not disclosed.

内容使用需遵循免责声明