Professor of Medicine
Chief, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine
The Nehemiah and Naomi Cohen Chair in Pulmonary Disease Research
Georgetown University Medical Center
AEOD has received scientific consulting fees from the following companies: Bayer, Xellia, Horizon, Grifols, Insmed, and Electromed. AEOD is the Principal Investigator for trials sponsored by the following companies (research funding provided directly to Georgetown University): Bayer, Insmed, Aradigm, Parion, Zambon. AEOD has been a faculty member at the annual meetings of CHEST (American College of Chest Physicians), American Thoracic Society, and European Respiratory Society. AEOD is the author of a reference cited in this topic.
Dr Anne E. O'Donnell would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Pamela J. McShane and Dr Sangeeta M. Bhorade, previous contributors to this topic.
PJM and SMB declare that they have no competing interests.
Honorary Senior Lecturer
Imperial College Healthcare Trust
PWI declares that he has no competing interests.
Associate Professor of Medicine
US Department of Veterans Affairs
Palo Alto Health Care System
WK declares that he has no competing interests.