乳房纤维囊肿

最后审阅: 2 六月 2022
最后更新: 14 一月 2022

小结

定义

病史和体格检查

关键诊断因素

  • 存在的危险因素
  • 乳腺痛
  • 两侧乳房弥漫性对称性肿块
更多 关键诊断因素

其他诊断因素

  • 年龄为 30 岁至 50 岁
  • 乳头溢液
  • 可触及乳房肿块
其他诊断因素

危险因素

  • 迟发型绝经
  • 第一次分娩年龄较晚
  • 未育
  • 肥胖
  • 雌激素替代治疗
更多 危险因素

诊断性检查

首要检查

  • 乳房 X 线检查
  • 乳腺超声检查
更多 首要检查

需考虑的检查

  • 囊肿抽吸
  • 乳腺活组织检查
更多 需考虑的检查

治疗流程

持续性治疗

乳腺痛

乳头溢液

撰稿人

作者

Sonia Sugg, MD

Professor of Surgery

Division of Surgical Oncology and Endocrine Surgery

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Iowa City

IA

利益声明

SS declares that she has no competing interests.

Ingrid Lizarraga, MBBS, FACS

Clinical Associate Professor

Division of Surgical Oncology and Endocrine Surgery

University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics

Iowa City

IA

利益声明

IL declares that she has no competing interests.

鸣谢

Dr Sonia Sugg and Dr Ingrid Lizarraga would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sophia Fu, Dr Sarah E. Colwick, Dr Hernan I. Vargas, Dr Carol Scott-Connor, Dr Anjali Thawani, and Dr Jesse Dirksen, the previous contributors to this topic. SEC, HIV, CSC, AT and JD declare that they have no competing interests.

利益声明

SF, SEC, HIV, CSC, AT, and JD declared that they had no competing interests.

同行评议者

Fred Dirbas, MD

Assistant Professor of Surgical Oncology

Stanford University

Stanford

CA

利益声明

FD declares that he has no competing interests.

Justin Stebbing, MA, MRCP, MRCPath, PhD

Consultant Medical Oncologist/Senior Lecturer

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

Charing Cross Hospital

London

UK

利益声明

JS declares that he has no competing interests.

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