Última revisão: 25 Out 2020
Última atualização: 11 Junho 2018

Resumo

Definição

História e exame físico

Principais fatores de diagnóstico

  • presença de fatores de risco
  • prurido do couro cabeludo
  • ninfa ou piolho adulto vivo
  • ovos visíveis na haste capilar a até 1 cm de distância do couro cabeludo

Outros fatores de diagnóstico

  • pequenas pápulas vermelhas sob a linha do cabelo da nuca
  • linfadenopatia
  • eritema com crosta cor de mel no couro cabeludo

Fatores de risco

  • 3-12 anos de idade
  • sexo feminino
  • etnia diferente da negra
  • contato próximo com um indivíduo infestado
  • superpopulação ou condições de moradia em locais de aglomeração
  • condição socioeconômica baixa
  • higiene precária
  • contato com roupas, utensílios de cabelo e roupas de cama contaminados

Exames diagnósticos

Algoritmo de tratamento

Colaboradores

Professor of Dermatology

Faculty of Medicine

University of Algiers

Algeria

Divulgações

AS declares that she has no competing interests.

Professor Aicha Salhi would like to gratefully acknowledge Professor Hermann Feldmeier and Professor Barbara L. Frankowski, previous contributors to this topic. HF has received consultant and lecture fees from Pohl-Boskamp GmbH, and Co KG, Hohenlockstedt, Germany, and Almirall Hermal GmbH, Reinbek, Germany; both companies produce various anti-head louse compounds. He is also an author of several references cited in this topic. BLF is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Colegas revisoresMOSTRAR TODOS

Research Associate

Laboratory of Public Health Entomology

Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases

Harvard School of Public Health

Boston

MA

Divulgações

RJP has received a research donation by Taro Pharmaceuticals (manufacturer of Ovide) and has been compensated as an independent consultant for scientific review services by Topaz Pharmaceuticals, Hatchtech, and ParaPro, each developing products for the US market. RJP holds no financial interest in any of these companies or their products. RJP is an author of several references cited in this monograph.

Professor

Director

Medical Entomology Centre

University of Cambridge

Cambridge

UK

Divulgações

IFB has been a consultant to various manufacturers of pharmaceutical products, alternative therapies, and combs for treating louse infections. IFB is an author of several references cited in this monograph.

Professor

Department of Parasitology

Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School

Jerusalem

Israel

Divulgações

KYM is an author of several references cited in this monograph.

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