Última revisão: 27 GUA 2021
Última atualização: 18 GUA 2020

Resumo

Definição

História e exame físico

Principais fatores diagnósticos

  • presença de fatores de risco
  • crise de sufocamento
  • murmúrio vesicular diminuído unilateral
  • sibilância unilateral

Outros fatores diagnósticos

  • tosse intratável
  • febre
  • dispneia
  • sibilância bilateral

Fatores de risco

  • nível de consciência reduzido (escala de coma de Glasgow <9)
  • idade <4 anos
  • idade >70 anos
  • disfunção bulbar
  • sexo masculino
  • doença cerebrovascular
  • demência

Investigações diagnósticas

Algoritmo de tratamento

Colaboradores

Autores

Arjun B. Chatterjee, MD, MS, FACP, FCCP, FAASM
Arjun B. Chatterjee

Professor of Medicine

Section on Pulmonary, Critical Care, Allergy, and Immunologic Disease

Wake Forest University School of Medicine

Winston-Salem

NC

Declarações

ABC declares that he has no competing interests. His opinions are his own and do not represent those of his employers: Wake Forest University School of Medicine; US Department of Defense - United States Navy; US Department of Veteran’s Affairs.

Agradecimentos

Dr Arjun B. Chatterjee would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Septimiu Murgu and Dr Henri Colt, the previous contributors to this topic. SM and HC declare that they have no competing interests.

Revisores

Amber Young, BSc, MB ChB, FRCA

Consultant Paediatric Anaesthetist

Department of Anaesthesia

Frenchay Hospital

Bristol

UK

Declarações

AY declares that she has no competing interests.

Momen M. Wahidi, MD, MBA

Director

Interventional Pulmonology

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine

Assistant Professor of Medicine

Duke University Medical Center

Durham

NC

Declarações

MMW declares that he has no competing interests.

Pyng Lee, MD

Senior Consultant

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Singapore General Hospital

Singapore

Declarações

PL declares that he has no competing interests.

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