Última revisão: 1 Nov 2020
Última atualização: 28 Nov 2019

Resumo

Definição

História e exame físico

Principais fatores de diagnóstico

  • presença de fatores de risco
  • doença febril
  • convulsão

Fatores de risco

  • elevação da temperatura
  • idade jovem
  • sexo masculino
  • história familiar de convulsões febris
  • infecção bacteriana ou viral fora do sistema nervoso central
  • vacinações
  • exposição pré-natal à nicotina
  • deficiência de ferro
  • complicações na gestação, no trabalho de parto e no parto

Exames diagnósticos

Exames a serem considerados

  • punção lombar
  • estudos virais
  • hemocultura
  • eletroencefalograma (EEG)
  • ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) cranioencefálica
  • sódio sérico
  • Hemograma completo
  • glicose sérica
  • perfil de ferro
Mais exames a serem considerados

Algoritmo de tratamento

Colaboradores

Consultant Paediatric Neurologist

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

Divulgações

LM has received funding from drug companies (e.g., Eisai) to attend medical conferences and been invited to an educational symposium (Novartis, LivaNova).

Paediatric Specialist Trainee

St Mary’s Hospital

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust

London

UK

Divulgações

FM declares that she has no competing interests.

Dr Leena Mewasingh and Dr Frances Morrison wish to gratefully acknowledge Dr John J. Millichap and Dr J. Gordon Millichap, previous contributors to this topic. JJM serves as an Associate Editor of Neurology and serves on the editorial board of Pediatric Neurology Briefs; volunteers on the medical advisory board of The Jack Pribaz Foundation (KCNQ2.org); received speaker honoraria from Invitae; received royalties for online monographs from Up-To-Date; served on the scientific advisory board for Mallinckrodt; is principal investigator for a clinical trial funded by UCB Pharma; and is the principal investigator for research grants from Citizens United for Research in Epilepsy and the Thrasher Research Fund. JJM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic. JGM is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Colegas revisoresMOSTRAR TODOS

Professor

Department of Neurology

University of Virginia Health System

Charlottesville

VA

Divulgações

RSR declares that he has no competing interests.

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