Última revisão: 27 Out 2020
Última atualização: 23 Set 2020

Resumo

Definição

História e exame físico

Principais fatores de diagnóstico

  • presença de fatores de risco
  • início agudo
  • rinite
  • faringite
  • espirros
  • drenagem/gotejamento pós-nasal
  • tosse
  • febre
  • faringe vermelha inespecífica
  • edema/eritema da mucosa nasal
  • drenagem purulenta nas narinas e na faringe posterior
  • pulso <100 bpm; ausência de hipotensão

Outros fatores de diagnóstico

  • mal-estar
  • mialgia
  • halitose
  • amígdalas inflamadas

Fatores de risco

  • exposição a indivíduos afetados
  • idade jovem
  • estação do inverno
  • frequentar creches
  • exposição à fumaça de cigarro ou a outros irritantes respiratórios

Exames diagnósticos

Exames a serem considerados

  • Hemograma completo
  • swab da garganta
  • cultura de escarro
  • teste de anticorpos heterófilos
  • proteína C-reativa
  • radiografia torácica
  • TC dos seios da face
  • exame viral
Mais exames a serem considerados

Algoritmo de tratamento

Colaboradores

Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Divulgações

BA is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Associate Professor of Integrated Care

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

University of Auckland

Auckland

New Zealand

Divulgações

TK is an author of a number of references cited in this topic.

Colegas revisoresMOSTRAR TODOS

Senior Research Fellow

Division of Community Health Sciences

St. George's University of London

London

UK

Divulgações

CC declares that he has no competing interests.

Professor

Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine

Bond University

Queensland

Australia

Divulgações

CDM declares that he has no competing interests.

Associate Professor

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care

Ghent University

Belgium

Divulgações

ADS declares that she has no competing interests.

Mary Lowell Leary Endowed Professor

General Internal Medicine

Paediatrics

Mayo Clinic

Rochester

MN

Divulgações

GP has no competing interests in regards to the common cold. He does consult with a variety of manufacturers and performs research studies related to influenza, founded by vaccine manufacturers, none of which involves virus related to the common cold.

Professor of Clinical Medicine

Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Director

Intensive Care Unit

Weiler Division/Montefiore Medical Center

Bronx

NY

Divulgações

PD has served as a consultant to Reckitt Benckiser, Procter & Gamble, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Novartis, Glaxo SmithKline, and Boehringer Ingelheim.

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