Avaliação de síncope

Última revisão: 6 Set 2022
Última atualização: 18 Mai 2022

Resumo

Diagnósticos diferenciais

comuns

  • Síndrome coronariana aguda
  • Arritmias ventriculares
  • Bloqueio atrioventricular
  • Fibrilação atrial aguda
  • Insuficiência cardíaca congestiva
  • Depleção de volume
  • Disfunção do nó sinusal
  • Estenose aórtica
  • Hemorragia digestiva alta
  • Hemorragia digestiva baixa
  • Neuromediada
  • Hipotensão ortostática
  • Enxaqueca
  • Convulsão
Detalhes completos

Incomuns

  • Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White/síndrome de pré-excitação
  • Tamponamento cardíaco
  • Dissecção da aorta
  • Embolia pulmonar
  • Aneurisma roto da aorta abdominal
  • Síndrome de Brugada
  • Síndrome do QT longo
  • Cardiomiopatia hipertrófica
  • Cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito
  • Estenose mitral
  • Mixoma atrial
  • Sarcoidose cardíaca
  • Taquicardia supraventricular paroxística
  • Síndrome do roubo da subclávia
  • Funcionamento inadequado de dispositivo cardíaco implantável
  • Gravidez ectópica
  • Hipoglicemia
  • Doença de Addison
  • Ataque isquêmico transitório vertebrobasilar
  • Hemorragia subaracnoide
  • Pseudossíncope psicogênica
Detalhes completos

Colaboradores

Autores

Shamai Grossman, MD, MS

Associate Professor of Medicine and Emergency Medicine

Harvard Medical School

Vice Chair for Health Care Quality

Director, Observation Medicine

Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Boston

MA

Declarações

SG is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Christopher Fischer, MD

Chair, Assistant Professor

Mount Auburn Hospital

Harvard Medical School

Boston

MA

Declarações

CF is an author of a reference cited in this topic.

Agradecimentos

Dr Shamai Grossman and Dr Christopher Fischer would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Sanjeev Wasson, Dr Sarabjeet Singh and Dr Nishant Kalra, the previous contributors to this topic. SS and NK declare that they have no competing interests.

Revisores

David Leaf, MD, MPH

Professor of Medicine

VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System

UCLA School of Medicine

Los Angeles

CA

Declarações

DL declares that he has no competing interests.

Sanjiv Petkar, MBBS, MD, DM (Cardiology), MRCP

Consultant Cardiologist

Heart and Lung Centre

New Cross Hospital

Wolverhampton

UK

Declarações

SP has received funds for attending conferences, and fees for speaking and consultation, from Medtronic Inc. SP was also in receipt of funding for research, between 2007 and 2009, from Medtronic Inc. to the University of Manchester. SP was a Guideline Development Group member of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (formerly National Institute for Clinical Excellence) guidelines on transient loss of consciousness ('blackouts') management in adults and young people, published in August 2010.

Nicholas Gall, MSc, MD, FRCP

Consultant Cardiologist

Department of Cardiology

King's College Hospital

London

UK

Declarações

NG declares that he has no competing interests.

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